Just as athletes train their bodies to yield specific results singers need to train their voices to produce the desired notes, tones and pitch. This is certainly not something that can be achieved in a day. Besides training your voice you will need to include healthy eating, proper rest and regular exercise in your daily regimen. Voice is produced by the speech organs of the body like the throat muscles, larynx, vocal chords mouth etc all of these organs have to be trained to move in a way that will produce the desired sound effects. Mentioned below are a few preliminary exercises that can be followed once you start these you will be in a better position to understand what works for you. Even though these exercises work quite well, people who want to take up singing as a career should definitely consider professional voice coaching.
It is imperative that you before you start any type of voice training you follow a diligent warm up sessions this will condition your speech organs for further exercise and prevent the possibility of damage to the delicate vocal nodes
You will need a piano to start with the basic mid range octave and the solfege notes ( do, re , mi, fa , so la, ti, do). This first exercise is fairly simple and all you have to do is increase your pitch; that is sing the octave in the ascending order and then decrease the pitch; that is sing it in the descending order ( do, ti, la, so, fa, mi, re , do)
Next, try coupling a few notes (usually three) and singing them in the ascending and descending order. For instance try ‘do, re mi’ then ‘mi fa so’ followed by ‘so la ti ‘and finally ‘la ti do’( notice in this last triad even though you are back at ‘do’ this is ‘do’ from the next octave which will have a higher pitch than the ‘do’ from the first octave). Now practice these notes in the descending order. Start with ‘do ti la then ti, la, so’, followed by ‘so, fa, mi’ and finally ‘mi, re do’. This will of course take some practice, also you will definitely need a keyboard to help you with the pitch in the beginning.
Legato: Once you have mastered these notes you can start working your voice with a technique called Legato. This involves singing words on different notes but these notes should be connected in a smooth fashion and they will include a combination of the high and low notes. For instance lets take this group of notes ‘do, re , mi, fa, so fa , mi, re, do’. Notice how the notes ascend from do to so and then descend from so to do. This transition from the high pitched ‘so’ to the lower pitched ‘fa’ should be very smooth. Try using words like my “mi- mommy- made- me- eat- m&ms”. Remember that “ mi to me will be sung on ‘do re mi fa’, moving the pitch higher on the notes while eat will be on ‘so’ and then bring the pitch down on the notes from my m&ms. It is imperative that the notes and words be connected when you sing them in a smooth fashion.
Stacatto: Staccato is in many sense the exact opposite technique of Legato. Here you will not try to sing the words smoothly rather each word or note is short and separate yet you should be in complete control of your voice. Start by singing the sound’ ha’ on the following notes do-mi-so-mi-do. You will notice that the word ‘ha’ is ascended on the notes do-mi-so while its descended on the notes ‘ mi-so’. It is essential to monitor the movement of your stomach muscles, your diaphragm and your breathing when you do this exercise so keep your hands on your stomach. You will feel a slight shaking of the stomach muscles when you make the sound. Make sure that you are breathing from your diaphragm and not your chest.
Practicing Legato and Staccato is the perfect technique to gain control over your voice.